By Topic

Angle Modulation Limits of a Noise-Free Phase Lock Loop

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

2 Author(s)
F. Gardner ; Gardner Res. Co., Palo Alto, CA, USA ; J. Heck

Methods are presented for determining the modulation limits of phase lock loop (PLL) FM demodulators. These limits establish the maximum deviation that the PLL can support (i.e., remain "inlock") based on the loop design parameters. The modulation limits are derived from experimental data on first and second order loops using sinusoidal and Gaussian noise modulation. The analysis of each PLL is broken into two regions, low frequency and high frequency modulation. It is shown that the deviation limit remains constant with modulation frequency for a first order loop in the low frequency region. In the high frequency region the deviation limit increases with increasing modulation frequency for both first and second order loops. The deviation limit in a second order loop increases with decreasing modulation frequency in the low frequency region and is a function of the loop damping.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Communications  (Volume:26 ,  Issue: 8 )