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Analytical transient response of CMOS inverters

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3 Author(s)
A. I. Kayssi ; Dept. of Electr. Eng. & Comput. Sci., Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor, MI, USA ; K. A. Sakallah ; T. M. Burks

A general formula relating the waveform at the output of a CMOS inverter to the waveform at its input is derived. The formula is applied to three cases: a step input, a ramp input, and an exponential input. A one-dimensional function dependence of the inverter propagation delay and output slew rate on circuit parameters is derived and an inverter macromodel for timing analysis is suggested and experimentally verified

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IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Fundamental Theory and Applications  (Volume:39 ,  Issue: 1 )