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Ghost cancellation of analog TV signals: with applications to IDTV, EDTV, and HDTV

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5 Author(s)
Winters, J.H. ; AT&T Bell Lab., Holmdel, NJ, USA ; Ayanoglu, E. ; Bar-David, I. ; Gitlin, R.D.
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Techniques that can cancel ghosts in received analog TV (for improved-definition TV, extended-definition TV, and high-definition TV) signals are presented. The fact that there are short periods of time without the analog signal (the horizontal flyback interval between the lines) is utilized to periodically cleanse a finite impulse response (FIR) or an infinite impulse response (IIR) equalizer. This line-by-line processing (cleansing) overcomes the limitation of standard equalizers to allow for 40-50 dB of suppression of ghosts, even with nulls in the spectrum, as long as the ghost delay is less than the period of time without the analog signal. Furthermore, by using time inversion in combination with line-by-line processing, the stability problem of the conventional IIR equalizer can be eliminated. It is shown that it may be possible to implement this IIR equalizer on a single digital integrated circuit. Alternatively, an FIR equalizer can be used; although it requires multiple chips (i.e. more taps), it can acquire and adapt to the ghosted channel more rapidly than an IIR equalizer.

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Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 1 )