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Analysis and Subjective Evaluation of Differential Pulse-Code Modulation Voice Communication Systems

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2 Author(s)
Donaldson, R.W. ; Univ. of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada ; Chan, D.

Differential pulse-code modulation (DPCM) has been proposed as a practical encoding scheme for speech, television, and telemetry signals. In this paper, the mean-square error for DPCM systems is derived, and its minimization by proper choice of system variables is examined. A simple analytical method is then presented for optimizing the system bandwidth W , the number of quantization bits L , and the parameters of the DPCM feedback network when the input is a speech signal and channel noise is negligible. A method is then developed for measuring the subjective quality of voice communication systems as a function of an arbitrary number of system parameters. The method was used to measure the quality of PCM speech and DPCM speech as a function of W and L . Quantization was logarithmic, the sampling rate f_{s} = 2.2W , and channel noise was assumed negligible. Optimum W and L were found for every bit rate R = 2.2WL . For both PCM and DPCM, the equations relating the optimum W and L are of the form W = a2^{bL} , where a and b are constants independent of R . The maximum speech quality obtainable for PCM and DPCM was found as a function of R , and the reduction in bit rate resulting when optimum DPCM rather than optimum PCM is used was determined as a function of R and as a function of the speech quality. Included in the paper is a brief description of the realtime DPCM systems used in the research.

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Communication Technology, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 1 )