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Piezoelectric composites with high sensitivity and high capacitance for use at high pressures

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4 Author(s)
Xu, Q.C. ; Mater. Res. Lab., Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park, PA, USA ; Yoshikawa, S. ; Belsick, J.R. ; Newnham, R.E.

A type of piezoelectric composite has been developed for oceanographic applications. The composites have a large figure of merit (d/sub h/*g/sub h/ or d/sub h/*g/sub h//tan delta , where d/sub h/ is the hydrostatic piezoelectric voltage coefficient), a large dielectric constant (K) and low dielectric loss, and great mechanical strength. A shallow cavity between the PZT ceramics and thick metallic electrode is designed to convert a portion of the z-direction stress into a large radial and tangential stress of opposite sign. thereby causing the d/sub 33/ and d/sub 31/ contributions to d/sub h/ to add rather than subtract, and raising the figure of merit. Theoretical stress analysis was carried out using an axisymmetric finite element method. Experimental results show that the d/sub h/*g/sub h/, K, and withstandable pressure are extremely high.<>

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Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 6 )