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Adiabatic 3-dB couplers, filters, and multiplexers made with silica waveguides on silicon

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5 Author(s)
Adar, R. ; AT&T Bell Lab., Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Henry, C.H. ; Kazarinov, R.F. ; Kistler, R.C.
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The performance of adiabatic 3-dB couplers and V-branches is reported. These devices are broadband and divide power equally. They have no observable polarization dependence. Typical excess losses relative to a straight waveguide is 0.1-0.2 dB for the 3-dB couplers and about 0.4 dB for the V-branches. Fiber to fiber insertion loss of 0.31 dB was measured for a 2.5-cm straight waveguide. The devices were used to fabricate transmission filters peaked at 1.55 μm and power combiners having two channels at 1.48 and 1.55 μm. The device fabrication was improved by use of a flowable top cladding layer containing boron and phosphorous which easily filled-in between closely spaced waveguides

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:10 ,  Issue: 1 )