Skip to Main Content
A new scheme for shaping the error spectrum in state-space digital filter structures is proposed. The scheme is based on the application of diagonal second-order error feedback, and can be used in any arbitrary state-space structure having arbitrary order. A method to obtain noise-optimal state-space structures for fixed error feedback coefficients, starting from noise optimal structures in absence of error feedback (the Mullis and Roberts Structures), is also outlined. This optimization is based on the theory of continuous equivalence for state-space structures.