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Closed-form dynamic model of planar multilink lightweight robots

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2 Author(s)
De Luca, A. ; Roma Univ., Italy ; Siciliano, B.

Closed-form equations of motion are presented for planar lightweight robot arms with multiple flexible links. The kinematic model is based on standard frame transformation matrices describing both rigid rotation and flexible displacement, under small deflection assumption. The Lagrangian approach is used to derive the dynamic model of the structure. Links are modeled as Euler-Bernoulli beams with proper clamped-mass boundary conditions. The assumed modes method is adopted in order to obtain a finite-dimensional model. Explicit equations of motion are detailed for two-link case assuming two modes of vibration for each link. The associated eigenvalue problem is discussed in relation with the problem of time-varying mass boundary conditions for the first link. The model is cast in a compact form that is linear with respect to a suitable set of constant parameters. Extensive simulation results that validate the theoretical derivation are included

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Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:21 ,  Issue: 4 )