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We propose SWAN, a stateless network model which uses distributed control algorithms to deliver service differentiation in mobile wireless ad hoc networks in a simple, scalable and robust manner. The proposed architecture is designed to handle both real-time UDP traffic, and best effort UDP and TCP traffic without the need for the introduction and management of per-flow state information in the network. SWAN supports per-hop and end-to-end control algorithms that primarily rely on the efficient operation of TC/IP protocols. In particular, SWAN uses local rate control for best-effort traffic, and sender-based admission control for real-time UDP traffic. Explicit congestion notification (ECN) is used to dynamically regulate admitted real-time sessions in the face of network dynamics brought on by mobility or traffic overload conditions. SWAN does not require the support of a QoS-capable MAC to deliver service differentiation. Rather, real-time services are built using existing best effort wireless MAC technology. Simulation, analysis, and results from an experimental wireless testbed show that real-time applications experience low and stable delays under various multihop, traffic, and mobility conditions.
Date of Publication: Jul-Sep 2002