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Optical characteristics of a light-focusing fiber guide and its applications

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5 Author(s)
Uchida, T. ; Nippon Electric Company, Kawasaki, Japan ; Furukawa, M. ; Kitano, I. ; Koizumi, K.
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A lenslike glass fiber guide with a parabolic variation of refractive index has been developed. This optical guide named SELFOC® has the following characteristics: simultaneous transmission of laser beams modulated by wide-band signals through narrow space; optical image transmission; realization of a lens with tiny aperture or with extremely short focal length; and the possibility of being bent with a small radius of curvature without spoiling transmission characteristics. In the case of a typical fiber guide with length 1 meter and diameter 0.3 mm, transmission loss is about 0.2 dB and depolarization is about 20 dB at wavelength 0.63μ. The mode pattern of a laser beam after passing through the fiber guide is scarcely deformed. The fiber guide can be used as a transmission line or lens, in optical communication, optical data processing, and optical instruments.

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:6 ,  Issue: 10 )