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Two modifications of the integrated optic Mach-Zehnder interferometer device are proposed which could be used to measure large electric fields, for example, in high voltage lines in utility substations. These new devices consist of an asymmetric slab and a strip-loaded diffused waveguide. They would merely be immersed in the field to be measured. Interrogation would be by optical fiber. The theory of operation of these devices is developed and examples are worked using the optical constants of possible materials.
Date of Publication: Jun 1987