By Topic

Crystalline and optical quality of proton exchanged waveguides

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

7 Author(s)
de Micheli, M. ; Université de Nice, Nice, France ; Ostrowsky, D. ; Barety, J. ; Canali, C.
more authors

In this paper we demonstrate the possibility of obtaining high-quality proton-exchanged (PE) lithium niobate guides by performing the exchange at high temperatures (300°C) in benzoic acid diluted with lithium benzoate. Rutherford backscattering studies suggest that the higher exchange temperatures avoid the production of niobium dislocations, and, IR absorption measurements suggest that the use of lithium benzoate diluted melts prevents the creation of interstitial hydrogen.

Published in:

Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 7 )