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The effect of spurious intensity modulation in semiconductor diode lasers on the performance of optical heterodyne frequency shift-keyed communications systems

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2 Author(s)
Jeromin, L. ; Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Lexington, MA, USA ; Welford, D.

Analytical expressions are derived for the bit-error rate (BER) of anM-ary frequency shift-keyed (FSK), heterodyne, optical communication system with noncoherent demodulation in the presence of spurious intensity modulation (SIM) and frequency noise. The SIM degradation of an FSK system, implemented with semiconductor diode lasers, is estimated for lasers with zero and nonzero linewidths and will be discussed for a distributed feedback laser operating at 1.5μm and a channeled substrate planer laser operating at 0.83 μm. The SIM power penalty is typically less than 1 dB, but can exceed 1 dB for 2-, 4-, and 8-ary FSK at data rates above 1 Gbit/s.

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 6 )