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Parameter optimization in graded-index dispersion-shifted single-mode fibers

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1 Author(s)
El-Ibiary, Mohamed Yousif ; University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK, USA

The characteristics of graded-index single-mode nonsegmented-core fibers with a single cladding region, in which the wavelength of zero dispersion is shifted to 1.55 μm, are studied analytically. It is found that for a given relative index difference above a certain value, there are two core sizes at which this zero dispersion shifting is realized. The larger core has certain advantages and has been invariably used in practice. For fibers in which the core is Ge-doped and the index of refraction has a triangular or a parabolic profile, we calculate the rate of change of dispersion with wavelength, the sensitivity of the zero dispersion wavelength to small changes in the core radius and in the refractive index difference, and the outer radius of the cladding needed to limit microbending losses in the cabled fiber. There is a doping level at which the wavelength of zero dispersion is not sensitive to the exact level of doping. The factors involved in choosing a doping level are expounded.

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:4 ,  Issue: 3 )