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A numerical integration method for the calculation of the time dispersion of optical-fiber modes is introduced and used to determine the parameters of single-mode graded-index silica-based fibers for the 1.55-μm band. The method gives an accuracy on the order of 0.001 ps/km/nm, and it was possible to quantify the error in assuming the overall time dispersion to be the sum of the material and waveguide dispersions. The analysis indicates that when large material dispersion is to be neutralized by waveguide dispersion, the outer diameter of the cladding must be increased to avoid higher microbending losses. When the difference between the refractive indices at the center of the core and in the cladding decreases, the ratio between the cladding and core diameters must be increased.
Date of Publication: August 1985