Skip to Main Content
A new confocal combination lens method is proposed, which can overcome severe misalignment tolerances for an InGaAsP laser diode to single-mode fiber coupling. Lens 2 in the confocal two-lens method is divided into two lenses, that is, lenses 21 and 22. The optimal distance between lenses 1 and 21 is found to be shorter than that for a confocal condition. Lens 22 is attached to the input endface of the single-mode fiber, thus forming a virtual fiber. Using 0.06- and 0.18-pitch GRIN rod lenses as lenses 21 and 22, the lateral and axial misalignment tolerances for the virtual fiber are improved by three and nine times, respectively, in comparison with those for the single-mode fiber. High-coupling efficiency of -3.0 dB of the laser diode to the single-mode fiber can be easily obtained including Fresnel reflections.