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Phase and amplitude fluctuations of the laser oscillator

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1 Author(s)
H. Pauwels ; Ele. eng. and Research Lab., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass.

A quantum theory for noise in the steady state of the laser oscillator above threshold is presented. The concept of operator noise source is introduced. A simple laser model operating in a single mode with resonant frequency tuned to the center of the material line is considered. The resonance linewidth of the inverted material is collision-broadened, and assumed to be much broader than the cold-cavity width. We restrict ourselves to one type of collision. The quantum description of this laser model leads to nonlinear operator equations. These are linearized, but this linearization is justified only for operation "sufficiently" above threshold. The first- and second-order Glauber functions and the expectation value of the field commutator are derived for the field inside the laser cavity. These results are compared with the predictions of a "semiclassical" theory in which the classical equations contain noise sources such that properties of the field below threshold are correctly predicted. Our results differ by certain terms from the results of this semiclassical theory. These terms are too small to have been detected experimentally.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:2 ,  Issue: 3 )