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Plasma wave wigglers for free-electron lasers

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5 Author(s)
Joshi, Chan ; University of California, Los Angeles, CA ; Katsouleas, T. ; Dawson, J.M. ; Yan, Y.T.
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We explore the possibility of using a relativistic plasma density wave as a wiggler for producing free-electron laser radiation. Such a wiggler is a purely electric wiggler with frequency ωp(plasma frequency) and wavenumber kp. If an electron beam is injected parallel to the plasma wave wavefront, it is wiggled transversely with an apparent wiggler wavelengthlambda_{w} = 2pi c/omega_{p}. Using plasma densities in the 1017(cm-3) range, λwof order 100 μm may be obtained, thereby permitting generation of short wavelength radiation with modest energy beams. The effective wiggler strengtha_{w} = eA/mc^{2} sim 0.5can be extremely large. We discuss the excitation methods for such wigglers and examine the constraints imposed by the plasma medium on FEL gain in this scheme.

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:23 ,  Issue: 9 )