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Descriptive theory of spiking pulses in optically pumped lasers

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1 Author(s)
Steele, Earl L. ; Autonetics, Div. of North American Aviation Inc., Anaheim, CA, USA

This paper describes a model and provides the mathematical formulation for describing the spike pulsing phenomenon observed in optically pumped three-level lasers. The model is based on the pumping of electrons from a ground state to an excited pump band from which they relax very rapidly to the excited laser level. With population inversion then achieved, laser action starts and repetitive pulses with decreasing amplitude are generated; the pulses then damp out and the laser output reaches a steady state as long as sufficient pump radiation energy is available. The equations describing the system in terms of the population inversion and photon density are nonlinear. However, approximations are made which permit the required relations between the transition rates to be established for such action to progress. The time variation of the population inversion and the photon density at the laser frequency are obtained for both the pumping time interval and the stimulated emission laser region.

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 1 )