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Low-loss coupling of multiple fiber arrays to single-mode waveguides

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2 Author(s)
Murphy, E. ; Bell Telephone Laboratories, Allentown, PA, USA ; Rice, T.

A method for obtaining permanent low-loss couping between arrys of single-mode fiber and Ti:LiNbO3waveguides is described. The technique, based on the use of silicon chip V-grooves, simplifies the coupling problem by simultaneously aligning the entire array and by providing a large surface area for a higher integrity adhesive bond. At \lambda = 1.3 \mu m, we measure an average 1.9-dB coupling loss (exclusive of propagation loss) for the assembled array. The average excess loss due to the fiber array is 0.8 dB. We present an analysis of the effect of various types of array misalignment on coupling efficiency. Angular alignment and array periodicity are found to be critical. If the fiber and waveguide periodicities are matched exactly, the fibers need only be placed within \pm 1.3\mu m of their optimum position to maintain coupling efficiencies greater than 90 percent.

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Lightwave Technology, Journal of  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 3 )