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Recent progress in the dynamic single-mode (DSM) semiconductor lasers in the wavelength of m are reviewed and the basic principle of DSM operation is given. Study of the DSM laser is originated for application to the wide-band optical-fiber communication in the lowest loss wavelength region of 1.5 to 1.65 μm. A DSM laser consists of a mode-selective resonator and a transverse-mode-controlled waveguide, such as the narrow-striped distributed-Bragg-reflector (DBR) laser, so as to maintain a fixed axial mode under the rapid direct modulation. The technology of monolithic integration for optical circuits is applied to realize some of DSM lasers. Structures, static and dynamic characteristics of lasing wavelength, output power, and reliability of the art DSM lasers are reviewed. The dynamic Spectral width of 0.3 nm, the output power of a few milliwatts, and the reliability over a few thousand hours are reported for experimental DSM lasers.