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Temperature dependence of the lasing characteristics of the 1.3 µm InGaAsP-InP and GaAs-Al0.36Ga0.64As DH lasers

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2 Author(s)
Dutta, N.K. ; Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Nelson, R.J.

We report here our experimental observations on the temperature dependence of threshold current, carrier lifetime at threshold, external differential quantum efficiency, and gain of both the 1.3 μm InGaAsP-InP and GaAs-AlGaAs double heterostructure (DH) lasers. We find that the gain decreases much faster with increasing temperature for a 1.3 μm InGaAsP DH laser than for a GaAs DH laser. Measurements of the spontaneous emission observed through the substrate shows that the emission is sublinear with injection current at high temperatures for the 1.3 μm InGaAsP DH laser. Such sublinearity is not observed for GaAs DH lasers in the entire temperature range 115-350 K. The experimental results are discussed with reference to the various mechanisms that have been proposed to explain the observed temperature dependence of threshold of InGaAsP DH lasers. We find that inclusion of a calculated nonradiative Auger recombination rate can explain the observed temperature dependence of threshold current, carder lifetime at threshold, gain, and also the sublinearity of the spontaneous emission with injection current of the 1.3 μm InGaAsP-InP DH laser. Measurement of the nonradiative component of the carrier lifetime (τA) as a function of injected carrier density ( n ) shows that \tau _{A}^{-1} \sim n^{2.1} which is characteristic of an Auger process.

Published in:

Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:18 ,  Issue: 5 )