The net gain per unit length (G) versus current (I) is measured at various temperatures for 1.3 μm InGaAsP-InP double heterostructure lasers.Gis found to vary linearly with the currentIat a given temperature. The gain bandwidth is found to decrease with decreasing temperature. The lasing photon energy decreases at 0.325 meV/K with increasing temperature. Also, the slopedG/dIat the lasing photon energies decreases with increasing temperature. This decrease is more rapid forT > sim210K. This faster decrease is consistent with the observed higher temperature dependence of threshold (low T0at high temperatures) of 1.3 μm InGaAsP lasers. A carrier loss mechanism, due to Auger recombination, also predicts thatdG/dIshould decrease much faster with increasing temperature at high temperatures. We also find that the slopedG/dIdecreases slowly with increasing temperature for a GaAs laser, which is consistent with the observed temperature dependence of threshold of these lasers.