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Chromatic dispersion of a single-mode optical fiber only 1 m long is measured by a newly proposed interferometric method. Interference fringes are produced by two laser beams, one transmitting through the fiber and the other through air. Path length shifts in an interferometer for attaining the visibility maximum are measured by varying optical source wavelengths between 818 and 904 nm. Group delay time differences around 1 ps are measured. The measured results are in good agreement with those measured by the conventional pulse method for the identical 1.3 km long fiber.