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Mode conversion at splices in multimode graded-index fibers

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3 Author(s)
K. Kitayama ; Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation, Ibaraiken, Tokai, Japan ; M. Ohashi ; S. Seikai

Mode conversions occurring at a splice in multimode graded-index fibers are investigated theoretically, and their effects on impulse responses are verified experimentally. The relation describing the mode behavior at a splice in existence of a geometrical offset and fiber parameter mismatches is derived by taking a skew ray as well as meridional ray into consideration. Then the mode transfer matrix is obtained to determine the variations in mode power distribution and impulse response due to the mode conversions occuring at a splice. The measured mean delay time difference between lower and higher mode pulse responses and baseband frequency response for spliced graded-index fibers are compared with the theory obtained from the transfer functions of individual fibers and the mode transfer matrix which describes the mode conversions at a splice due to a transverse displacement and fiber parameter mismatches.

Published in:

IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics  (Volume:16 ,  Issue: 9 )