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Fluorescence and oscillation characteristics of LiNdP4O12lasers at 1.317 µm

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5 Author(s)
Saruwatari, M. ; Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation, Tokyo, Japan ; Otsuka, K. ; Miyazawa, Shintaro ; Yamada, Tomoaki
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Spectroscopic data and laser oscillation characteristics of the 1.317 μ line in lithium neodymium tetraphosphate (LNP) are reported. A stimulated emission cross section of this transition was spectroscopically determined as7.1 times 10^{-20}cm2, which corresponds to 1/4.5 of that at the 1.047-μm transition. Cross-section temperature dependence, laser cavity loss, threshold versus crystal length, and threshold temperature dependence were measured experimentally. Since resonant loss was negligible at the 1.317 μm line, room temperature threshold is lower than that at 1.047-μm in the case of long crystal, and threshold temperature dependence is weaker than that at 1.047 μm. A miniaturized LNP laser, using a graded index fiber as a focusing medium, is also shown. LED pump intensity required to obtain a constant output is compared for 1.047- and 1.317-μm wavelengths. The 1.317-μm line seems to be useful as miniaturized optical sources in optical communication systems, since required intensity is around several W/cm2for the side pump, and the wavelength corresponds to the most transparent band of ultra low-loss optical fibers.

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Quantum Electronics, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 10 )