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The EMET concept is a marriage of electrothermal plasma jet technology with rail accelerators using plasma armatures. By injecting a structured plasma immediately behind a moving projectile prior to the current pulse, the plasma armature properties can be highly controlled. Parameters of interest are the armature mass and length, molecular weight, specific heat ratio gamma, and temperature. Proper control of these parameters leads to control of problems facing rail launchers such as wall ablation and viscous wall drag. In support of EMET, a Material Test Facility (MTF) has been developed for performing basic physics and materials research on hypervelocity launchers, by making direct measurements of the plasma pressure and jet velocity in a 1 cm bore. These measurements are then compared with theoretical models for various types of plasmas, in order to understand and eliminate barrel ablation. The paper discusses measurement techniques used on MTF, and the approaches being taken to develop EMET in the laboratory.