By Topic

Dependence of coercivity on driving field in multilayer films of nickel

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$31 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

1 Author(s)
Hirsch, A.A. ; Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel

The variation in the coercivity of magnetization loops of multilayer films of nickel was investigated as function of the rate of rise r in the applied magnetic field. The films were prepared by deposition of nickel and copper alternately in a vacuum of 2 \times 10^{-6} mm of Hg on to substrates made of thin aluminium foils. The thickness of the nickel layers L varied in the different films from 8 to 1000 angstroms. The loops were cycled with sinusoidal or triangular waveform driving fields, with a variety of amplitudes from 1 kOe to 4 kOe, with frequencies from 0.01 to 2 c/s. The measurements were performed from room down to liquid hydrogen temperatures. It was found that the coercive force could be expressed by H_{c} = H_{o} + Q(\ln r - \ln r_{o})/T^{1/2} for values of r changing from 1 to 5 Oe/ms, where H_{o}, A and rovaried slightly with temperature T . The coercive force was a very sensitive function of L and of the thickness δ of the copper layers, having the form H_{c} = A(L + \delta ) \exp - BL with B nearly constant in films deposited on a substrate at room temperature. The dependence of the coercivity on L was displayed by a nonmonotonical function showing two peaks in Hccorresponding to values of L of about 35 and 400 angstroms. The observed dependence of Hcon the rate of rise in the applied field, as well as on the thicknesses of the layers, can be discussed on the assumption of nonuniform magnetization within the thin layers as a result of their superparamagnetic properties and of the magneto-statical coupling between neighboring layers.

Published in:

Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:1 ,  Issue: 4 )