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Fabrication of NbN/Pb Josephson tunnel junctions with a novel integration method

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4 Author(s)
Kosaka, S. ; Electrotechnical Laboratory, Umezono, Sakura-mura, Niihari-gun, Ibaraki, Japan ; Shinoki, F. ; Takada, S. ; Hayakawa, H.

We have developed a new integration method for Josephson tunnel junctions based on high Tc superconducting compound materials such as NbN. In this method, a sputtered ZnO film has been employed as a resist mask which can be used in high substrate temperatures during the film deposition. It has been found that fine patterns of the refractory superconducting film can be obtained by this method and the patterning processes have no interference with other integration processes. We have applied this method to patterning base electrode of NbN and formed high quality NbN-oxide-Pb Josephson tunnel junctions by using an rf plasma oxidation. The fabricated junctions have been found to have a relatively large gap ( ∼ 4.0 mV ) and low current leak in the subgap region, and to be quite stable for thermal cyclings and storage. We have also fabricated quantum interference memory devices by integrating these junctions and the operation has been successfully demonstrated.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 1 )