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Static and dynamic properties of short, narrow, variable-thickness microbridges

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2 Author(s)
Feuer, M.D. ; Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA ; Prober, D.E.

The electrical properties, including the Josephson-effect response to microwave radiation, have been studied for extremely small, high-resistance microbridges of Pb-In alloy and unalloyed In, with dimensions ranging from 300Å to 2000Å. The IcR product of In and Pb-In microbridges decreases smoothly as the bridge cross section is reduced, approaching the Ginzburg-Landau limit of 0.64 mV/K for the smallest bridges. The voltage range of microwave response and the temperature range of hysteresis-free operation both increase (improve) as the bridge is made narrower, in agreement with Joule heating theory. For example, an 8 ohm Pb0.9In0.1bridge with all dimensions ≤500 Å has a maximum step voltage of V_{\max } = 1.5 mV and a nonhysteretic temperature range of \Delta T_{no hyst} = 1.2 K. Bridges of unalloyed In can show still better response due to a longer coherence length, and nonhysteretic operation over the full temperature range below Tcis possible.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 1 )