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Surface impedance of superconducting Nb3Sn

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4 Author(s)

Microwave cavities with a resonant frequency of 8 GHz are coated with Nb3Sn by the vapour deposition technique. The surface resistance and the change of the penetration depth were determinded by measuring the quality factor and the shift of the resonant frequency of the cavity in the temperature range from 2 K to 20K. The temperature dependence of the surface resistance can be described well by the BCS-theory in the temperature rangeT < 0.5 T_{c}, however, the value of the reduced energy gapDelta_{0}/kT_{c}has to be increased from 1.76 to 2.15. The temperature dependence of the penetration depth shows significant deviations from the predictions of the BCS-theory for temperatureT < 0.5 T_{c}. The increase of the reduced energy gap is not sufficient to fit the data but one has to treat the effects of strong electron-phonon coupling consistently. Therefore, we calculated the surface impedance for strong coupling superconductors using an Einstein model for the phonon density of states. The absolute value and the temperature dependence of the surface impedance in the whole temperature rangeT < T_{c}are discussed and a comparison with the experimental data is given.

Published in:

Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 1 )

Date of Publication:

Jan 1979

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