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Multifilament niobium-tin conductors

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9 Author(s)
Murase, S. ; Toshiba Research and Development Center, Kawasaki, Japan ; Koizumi, M. ; Horigami, O. ; Shiraki, H.
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A new Nb3Sn wire fabrication method has been developed, improving wire drawing workability and superconducting properties, such as stability and ac losses. A cross section of the single filament wire consists of a niobium tube with a copper sheathed tin rod inside and high conductivity copper tube outside. These constituents show scarcely any workhardening. Wires with 54 to 295 filaments were drawn down to 0.2 mm to 1.0 mm diameter. Heat-treatment conditions to obtain the highest critical current were clarified as a function of the tin content inside the niobium tube. The effect of bend strain in Nb3Sn on the critical current was also examined for samples with different wire diameters and Nb3Sn layer thickness. Losses were measured for twisted and non-twisted samples by means of magnetization experiments. Results were compared with calculated values. It was found that the effective resistivity between Nb3Sn filaments was one order of magnitude higher than that of pure copper. A coil was constructed using a 1 km long Nb3Sn composite having 258 filaments with 1 × 2 mm cross section. The maximum field obtained was 10.65T at 236A in the 6T backing field by NbTi solenoid.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:15 ,  Issue: 1 )