By Topic

A sensitive magnetoresistive power amplifier

Sign In

Cookies must be enabled to login.After enabling cookies , please use refresh or reload or ctrl+f5 on the browser for the login options.

Formats Non-Member Member
$33 $13
Learn how you can qualify for the best price for this item!
Become an IEEE Member or Subscribe to
IEEE Xplore for exclusive pricing!
close button

puzzle piece

IEEE membership options for an individual and IEEE Xplore subscriptions for an organization offer the most affordable access to essential journal articles, conference papers, standards, eBooks, and eLearning courses.

Learn more about:

IEEE membership

IEEE Xplore subscriptions

4 Author(s)
D. Gordon ; White Oak Laboratory, Silver Spring, Maryland ; L. Schwee ; W. Anderson ; P. Hunter

A small, sensitive, low noise, high gain power amplifier, using the anisotropic magnetoresistance effect in thin film permalloy, has been designed and its characteristics calculated. The minimum detectable input current is determined by Johnson noise and hence by input resistance and desired bandwidth. An example of theoretical performance is as follows. For an amplifier unit with approximate dimensions of 300 \times 300 \times 2 \mu m and with input and load resistances of 50 Ω each the calculated noise at room temperature is equivalent to 10-8A for a bandwidth (BW) of 1MHz or to 10-7A for a BW of 100 MHz. At the 10-8A input current level, the calculated power gain is \sim 600,000 corresponding to a current gain of 775. Power gain decreases with input current as I^{-4/3} , reaching unity at I = 2.1 \times 10^{-4} A. Hence, for a BW of 1 MHz, at room temperature, the input current operating range for both amplification and signal-to-noise ratio greater than one is from I=10^{-8} A to 2.1 \times 10^{-4} A. To achieve high gain, the amplifier is configured so that the magnetization of the permalloy is biased to lie nominally along the hard axis, the sensing current in the permalloy makes an angle of 45° with the nominal magnetization direction, and the input current produces a magnetic field along the easy axis. This microsize, low noise, silicon compatible power amplifier will be useful in digital and FM applications and possibly as an amplifier for crosstie and bubble memories.

Published in:

IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 5 )