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Rotational-type spin reorientation in Nd1-xDyxCo5and its application to thermomagnetic generator

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5 Author(s)
Ohkoshi, M. ; Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan ; Kobayashi, H. ; Katayama, T. ; Hirano, M.
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A rotational-type spin reorientation (SR) phenomenon is found in single crystals of Nd1-xDyxCo5, and the SR temperatures are controlled by Dy concentration near room temperature. In the SR temperature region an anomaly of a trapezoid shape is observed in specific heat, and it shows the second order nature of this phase transition. A thermomagnetic generator utilizing this phenomenon is invented, where thermal energy is converted directly into electric energy through the magnetic flux change accompanied with the SR. In an ideal case, the maximum energy that can be converted is evaluated as the magnetic anisotropy energy in the SR temperature region.

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Magnetics, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:13 ,  Issue: 5 )