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Statistics of polarization-dependent loss, insertion loss, and signal power in optical communication systems

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4 Author(s)
Yu, M. ; Innovancc Networks Inc., Piscataway, NJ, USA ; Kan, C. ; Lewis, M. ; Sizmann, A.

We present analytical solutions to describe the statistics of signal power and insertion loss due to polarization-dependent loss (PDL) concatenation in communication systems. Using the methods of stochastic differential equations, we show that a system with a large number of low-PDL elements yields a Gaussian distribution for the signal power when it is expressed in units of decibels.

Published in:

Photonics Technology Letters, IEEE  (Volume:14 ,  Issue: 12 )