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This work analyzes the effect of the proton-concentration-to-refractive-index relation on the computation of waveguiding properties of well-annealed proton-exchanged channel waveguides fabricated in a LiNbO3 substrate. Several such relations are presented in the literature. The application of these different relations in the numerical analysis results in a very different propagation behavior for the waveguide. For comparison purposes, an empirical relation that fits the published refractive-index-versus-proton-concentration experimental data for the α crystalline phase is also used.
Date of Publication: Aug 2002