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Trellis-coded modulation with multidimensional constellations

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1 Author(s)

Trellis-coded modulation schemes using four-, eight-, or 16 -dimensional constellations have a number of potential advantages over the usual two-dimensional schemes: a smaller constituent two-dimensional constellation, easier tolerance to phase ambiguities, and a better trade-off between complexity and coding gain. A number of such schemes are presented and evaluated. Starting with a variety of multidimensional lattices, we show how to select multidimensional constellations, how to partition them into subsets, how to construct trellis codes using those subsets, and how to map hits to constellation points. Simplifications of the Viterbi decoding algorithm are presented. We conclude that there are multidimensional trellis-coded modulation schemes that perform better for the same complexity than do two-dimensional schemes.

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IEEE Transactions on Information Theory  (Volume:33 ,  Issue: 4 )