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We study the computational complexity of the art gallery problem originally posed by Klee, and its variations. Specifically, the problem of determining the minimum number of vertex guards that can see an -wall simply connected art gallery is shown to be NP-hard. The proof can be modified to show that the problems of determining the minimum number of edge guards and the minimum number of point guards in a simply connected polygonal region are also NP-hard. As a byproduct, the problem of decomposing a simple polygon into a minimum number of star-shaped polygons such that their union is the original polygon is also shown to be NP-hard.