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a-Si:H films deposited at high rates in a 'VHF' silane plasma: potential for low-cost solar cells

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10 Author(s)
A. Shah ; Princeton Univ., NJ, USA ; E. Sauvain ; N. Wyrsch ; H. Curtins
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The very-high-frequency glow discharge (VHF-GD) is a high-rate deposition method for amorphous silicon based on the use of plasma excitation frequencies in the range 30-150 MHz. Thereby the high-energy tail of the electron energy density function is enhanced, increasing the deposition rate R, without a corresponding increase in electric field and ion bombardment. An extensive set of optoelectronic properties ( sigma /sub dark/, E/sub a/, sigma p/sub h/, CPM, PDS, TOF, SSPG, steady-state Hecht plot) is presented for samples prepared by VHF-GD for the above frequency range and R approximately=12-15 AA/s. Emphasized are hole transport properties. With values of ( mu /sup D/ tau /sup t/)/sub h/ by TOF (time of flight) around 3*10/sup -10/ but up to approximately=5*10/sup -9/ cm/sup 2//V, VHF-GD is judged to be adequate for solar-cell applications.<>

Published in:

Photovoltaic Specialists Conference, 1988., Conference Record of the Twentieth IEEE

Date of Conference:

26-30 Sept. 1988