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Encoding and decoding algorithms for Reed-Solomon codes based on Fourier-like transforms on finite field and finite rings are discussed. Classes of codes are proposed for two different types of multiple-user communication systems: a multichannel communication system and a multiaccess communication system. For the first system, a fast decoding algorithm is developed that uses transforms on a finite ring which is isomorphic to a direct sum of Galois fields. For the second system, an efficient (in terms of information rate) coding scheme is proposed which utilizes a direct sum of Galois fields.