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Application of quantum estimation theory to analog communication over quantum channels

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1 Author(s)

Recent inquiries into optical communication have raised questions as to the validity of classical detection and estimation theory for weak light fields. Helstrom [1] proposed that the axioms of quantum mechanics be incorporated into a quantum approach to optical estimation and detection. In this paper, we discuss two important results, the quantum equivalent of the minimum-mean-square-error (MMSE) estimator and the quantum Cramér-Rao bound for estimation of the parameters of an electromagnetic field. The first result, a new one, is applied to linear modulation. We show that homodyning is the optimal demodulation scheme in that case. Parallels to the classical MMSE estimator are drawn. The Cramér-Rao bound, first derived in the quantum ease by Helstrom [1], is applied to specific estimation problems. Details are left to the references, but interesting results are presented.

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:17 ,  Issue: 3 )