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Methods of development of a three dimensional model of the normal female pelvic floor

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7 Author(s)

The anatomy of the pelvic floor is complex and the structures interact in non-obvious ways to maintain continence. Thus, a visualizable model would help our understanding of this part of the body. The goal of this project was to establish the methods necessary to develop a static three-dimensional (3D) model of the normal female pelvic floor. An asymptomatic iparous twenty-three year old female with no urinary incontinence symptoms underwent a pelvic floor MRI scan. Manual segmentations were done of selected pelvic floor structures: bladder, urethra, vagina, uterus, cervix, levator ani, obturator externus, obturator internus, and pubic bone (Mimics, Materialise). 3 clinicians verified accuracy of the 3D models. With high-resolution scans, accurate segmentation of the structures was possible. Three-dimensional models of the female pelvic floor could enhance our understanding of anatomy. They can be used as tools for research and teaching, facilitating improved treatment of pelvic floor pathologies.

Published in:

Engineering in Medicine and Biology, 2002. 24th Annual Conference and the Annual Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society EMBS/BMES Conference, 2002. Proceedings of the Second Joint  (Volume:3 )

Date of Conference:

23-26 Oct. 2002