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A latch-up-free CMOS RAM cell with well-source structure

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6 Author(s)

A well-source structure that provides a design goal for enhancing latchup immunity in VLSI full CMOS RAM without additional fabrication steps and performance degradations is described. The key features are to supply a cell power charge from n-well and to arrange cell power lines in such a way as to prevent the parasitic p-n-p transistor from turning on. The availability of the well-source structure was examined by using test devices and 64-kb full-CMOS RAM chips fabricated with 2-μm n-well technology. No latchup was induced in a cell array portion with the well-source structure. Sixfold increase in the latchup immunity was observed for the RAM with the well-source structure versus the RAM with the conventional cell design.

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Solid-State Circuits, IEEE Journal of  (Volume:22 ,  Issue: 4 )