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Performance analysis of closed-loop transmit diversity in the presence of feedback errors

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2 Author(s)
Hamalainen, J. ; Helsinki Univ. of Technol., Finland ; Wichman, R.

Transmit diversity techniques have received a lot of attention recently, and open-loop and closed-loop downlink transmit diversity modes for two transmit antennas have been included in 3GPP WCDMA release 4. System capacity can be increased from that of open-loop modes if the transmitter is equipped with additional side information of the downlink channel. In a frequency division duplex system, this means that the receiver has to provide the information through a feedback mechanism. We study the performance loss caused by feedback errors using the bit error probability as a performance measure. It is shown that the asymptotic diversity of closed-loop schemes is reduced to one in the presence of feedback errors, i.e., the performance is similar to a single transmit antenna system with some SNR gain. The proof is given in a very general manner and it is valid for a large variety of feedback schemes. Two example schemes, selection and cophasing algorithms, are discussed in more detail to verify the results.

Published in:

Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, 2002. The 13th IEEE International Symposium on  (Volume:5 )

Date of Conference:

15-18 Sept. 2002