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This paper focuses on reducing the power consumption of wireless microsensor networks. Therefore, a communication protocol named LEACH (low-energy adaptive clustering hierarchy) is modified. We extend LEACH's stochastic cluster-head selection algorithm by a deterministic component. Depending on the network configuration an increase of network lifetime by about 30% can be accomplished. Furthermore, we present a new approach to define lifetime of microsensor networks using three new metrics FND (First Node Dies), HNA (Half of the Nodes Alive), and LND (Last Node Dies).
Date of Conference: 2002