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With the widespread deployment of Internet protocol/wavelength division multiplexing (IP/WDM) networks, it becomes necessary to develop traffic engineering (TE) solutions that can effectively exploit WDM reconfigurability. More importantly, experimental work on reconfiguring lightpath topology over testbed IP/WDM networks is needed urgently to push the technology forward to operational networks. This paper presents a performance and testbed study of topology reconfiguration for IP/WDM networks. IP/WDM TE can be fulfilled in two fashions, overlay vs. integrated, which drives the network control software, e.g., routing and signaling protocols, and selects the corresponding network architecture model, e.g., overlay or peer-to-peer. We present a traffic management framework for IP over reconfigurable WDM networks. Three "one-hop traffic maximization"-oriented heuristic algorithms for lightpath topology design are introduced. A reconfiguration migration algorithm to minimize network impact is presented. To verify the performance of the topology design algorithms, we have conducted extensive simulation study. The simulation results show that the topologies designed by the reconfiguration algorithms outperform the fixed topology with throughput gain as well as average hop-distance reduction. We describe the testbed network and software architecture developed in the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) Next Generation Internet (NGI) SuperNet Network Control and Management project and report the TE experiments conducted over the testbed.