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A new in-band motion compensation algorithm for wavelet-based video coding is proposed: the bottom-up prediction algorithm (BUP). This algorithm overcomes the periodic shift-invariance of the discrete wavelet transform (DWT) and is formalised into prediction rules using filtering operations. The combination of all prediction rules of the BUP algorithm defines a new transform: the bottom-up overcomplete DWT or BUP ODWT, which is shift-invariant. The envisaged application for the BUP algorithm is spatially scalable wavelet video coding.
Date of Publication: 10 Oct 2002