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Exchange bias with perpendicular anisotropy in (Pt-Co)n-FeMn multilayers

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10 Author(s)
F. Garcia ; DRFMC/SP2M/SPlNTEC, CEA/Grenoble, Grenoble, France ; J. Moritz ; F. Ernult ; S. Auffret
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Sputtered (Pt-Co)n-FeMn multilayers exhibit both perpendicular magnetic anisotropy and exchange bias at room temperature. Their magnetic properties after in-plane and perpendicular-to-plane magnetic annealing have been studied by means of extraordinary Hall effect and magnetic force microscopy or polar Kerr microscopy. A crossover from in-plane to perpendicular anisotropy was observed as a function of number of repeats n. The dynamics of magnetization switching has been investigated on both sides of the hysteresis loops. A clear asymmetry exists in the dynamics depending whether the field is parallel or antiparallel to the exchange bias field. Similarly, strong differences in the domain patterns at the coercive field were observed. Exchange-biased (Pt-Co)-Pt-(Pt-Co)-FeMn spin-valves were also investigated. Well-separated hysteresis loops were associated with the "soft" and pinned components of the stack. These structures were used to study the interlayer coupling through the Pt spacer.

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IEEE Transactions on Magnetics  (Volume:38 ,  Issue: 5 )