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A statistical-mechanics approach to large-system analysis of CDMA multiuser detectors

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1 Author(s)
Tanaka, T. ; Dept. of Electron. & Inf. Eng., Tokyo Metropolitan Univ., Japan

We present a theory, based on statistical mechanics, to evaluate analytically the performance of uncoded, fully synchronous, randomly spread code-division multiple-access (CDMA) multiuser detectors with additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel, under perfect power control, and in the large-system limit. Application of the replica method, a tool developed in the literature of statistical mechanics, allows us to derive analytical expressions for the bit-error rate, as well as the multiuser efficiency, of the individually optimum (IO) and jointly optimum (JO) multiuser detectors over the whole range of noise levels. The information-theoretic capacity of the randomly spread CDMA channel and the performance of decorrelating and linear minimum mean-square error (MMSE) detectors are also derived in the same replica formulation, thereby demonstrating validity of the statistical-mechanical approach

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Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on  (Volume:48 ,  Issue: 11 )