Skip to Main Content
This paper proposes a novel energy-based control law for biped robots based on an analysis of passive dynamic walking. Firstly we discuss the essence of dynamic walking using a passive walker on a gentle slope. In the second, we propose a simple and effective control law which imitates the energy behavior in every cycle considering the ZMP condition and other factors of the active walker. The control strategy is formed by the feature of mechanical energy dissipation and restoration. By the effect of the proposed method, the robot can exhibit natural and reasonable walk on a level ground without any gait design in advance. The validity of the proposed method is examined by numerical simulations and experiments.